Bug#724320: gmp: x32: sizeof(mp_limb_t)!=sizeof(void*) is not supported by GAP and PARI

Daniel Schepler dschepler at gmail.com
Wed Oct 2 18:16:10 CEST 2013

On Wednesday, October 02, 2013 02:38:14 PM Vincent Lefevre wrote:
> On 2013-10-02 15:14:29 +0300, Marc Glisse wrote:
> > On Wed, 2 Oct 2013, Vincent Lefevre wrote:
> > >On 2013-10-02 11:52:54 +0200, Torbjorn Granlund wrote:
> > >>Vincent Lefevre <vincent at vinc17.net> writes:
> > >>  It would be cleaner to have an option to force the mp_limb_t size
> > >>  e.g. to 8 bytes, but GMP doesn't seem to provide such an option.
> > >>
> > >>It sure does.  ABI=...
> > >
> > >With which value??? ABI=x32 fails on x86_64: it passes -mx32 to gcc,
> > >which isn't supported.
> > 
> > Yes it is, on gcc versions 4.7+ (the versions recent enough to
> > support the x32 ABI).
> It is by gcc itself, but not working on my machine: the generated
> executable segfaults. BTW, GMP's configure says "could not find a
> working compiler", which is misleading because the problem doesn't
> seem to be with the compiler itself.
> So, the problem remains: either support the override of the ABI
> in CFLAGS (but keeping the same type sizes implied by $ABI), or
> provide an alternative ABI value to force the mp_limb_t size to
> some value (e.g. by have mp_limb_t = long long, like with the
> mode32 ABI on PowerPC).

Is your kernel built with x32 support?  (Check for CONFIG_X86_X32=y in 

Anyway, to rephrase what others have already said, -m32 compiles to an i386 
executable, which runs in compatibility mode from which x86_64 instructions 
aren't available.  Which explains why trying to force ABI=x32 with -m32 
results in failing assembly; and if you disable assembly, it uses the gcc 
version of 64-bit multiplication which simulates it using 3 or 4 32-bit 
multiplications, which explains why it's so slow.

I agree with the comments on the original question: if GAP and PARI don't 
support sizeof(mp_limb_t) > sizeof(long), then it makes most sense just to say 
they're not supported on x32 at the moment.
Daniel Schepler

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