Number of limbs for an unsigned long
tg at gmplib.org
Tue Mar 15 16:29:13 CET 2011
Marc Glisse <marc.glisse at inria.fr> writes:
what is the best way to check how many limbs are necessary to be able
to store any unsigned long?
mpz_set_si has the simplest test of all: two limbs if there are nails,
1 otherwise. Is that safe/wasteful?
In gmp.h, we have (slightly edited for clarity):
typedef unsigned int mp_limb_t;
typedef unsigned long long int mp_limb_t;
typedef unsigned long int mp_limb_t;
There is no way of getting __GMP_SHORT_LIMB set, so we should perhaps
remove it. (But if GMP became more used in low-end embedded
environments, i.e., 8-bit processors, we may want to allow for a very
So, disregarding the unused __GMP_SHORT_LIMB, the answer is that
mpz_set_si is right; you may assume any unsigned long fits in limb
unless we have nails. For nails, we never supported a nail greater than
half the limb.
For nails (which incidentally do not work since GMP 5.0, but might be
revived) you need to check the actual value. You may make the logic
more compex, since with LONG_LONG_LIMBS and nails, any unsinged long
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